Understanding Meth and Other Drug Use Disorders
When a person uses meth, alcohol, or another drug in a way that compromises their health, career, and/or personal life, they are said to have a substance use disorder. Substance misuse is another name for this illness. It is unknown what specifically causes substance use disorder. However, genes, pharmacological effects, and peer pressure, along with emotional anguish, fear, depression symptoms, and environmental factors, are all potential contributing variables.
Depression and attention deficit disorder, along with various types of post-traumatic stress disorder and other mental illnesses, are common among those who develop substance use disorders. Low self-esteem and a hectic or chaotic lifestyle are also prominent in the lives of those who misuse substances. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, due to contextual and genetic factors, children who witness their parents taking drugs while they grow up may have a higher risk of having substance use disorders in the future.
Maine Substance Use Disorder Statistics and Trends
The West and Midwest, along with much of the Southeast of the country, have the highest availability of meth in the United States. And even though meth is found in almost all domestic field divisions of the DEA, its presence has greatly increased in places that weren’t previously significant meth markets, particularly in the Northeast.
In 2021, the DEA field division working in the state of Maine seized roughly 8,500 grams of methamphetamine. The amount is extremely alarming when compared to the year before when only 2,117 grams of meth were seized.
The Maine CDC reports that between 2018 and 2019, there was a 63% rise in inquiries into the distribution of methamphetamine. Moreover, since 2018, the number of deaths linked to methamphetamine has risen significantly. About 26 deaths were reported to the Maine CDC in 2018 versus 47 deaths linked to methamphetamine use in 2019. Meth is growing more prevalent in our communities and more potent, which raises the likelihood that individuals who use it may die from its effects.
Understanding Meth Use Disorders
A person who uses meth either once or multiple times increases the risk of becoming addicted. For one person, addiction begins in the brain after a single use of a drug. For another person, it can take years of use before they become addicted. Fortunately, there are various ways to treat drug use disorders.
In Maine, a person addicted to meth can take part in a substance use detox program that specifically focuses on treating clients with a meth use disorder. Keep reading to learn more about meth use disorders, including how to detox and withdraw from the drug and the types of treatment that tend to work best.
Meth Use Withdrawal Guide
Although methamphetamine withdrawal can be challenging, it is unquestionably worthwhile given the negative repercussions of meth use on the body and psyche. And, fortunately, there are many drugs that can be helpful to a person who is going through meth withdrawal and detox.
Detox, or the period of rehabilitation when the body gets used to not having the drug, is the initial stage of meth withdrawal. It is recommended that an addict go through detox under medical supervision, especially if they have been misusing meth for a long time.
It’s not uncommon for a detox or medical facility to give clients medication for certain symptoms during detox. Some people going through withdrawal find that anti-depressants and benzodiazepines help reduce their anger and anxiety, thus decreasing their overall cravings for meth. Benzos like lorazepam and diazepam carry the danger of addiction but are often prescribed when withdrawal symptoms become severe.
In severe situations of meth withdrawal, antipsychotic medications and sedatives can aid with psychosis. Risperidone and olanzapine are a couple of antipsychotic medications. Both Tylenol (acetaminophen) and Advil (ibuprofen) can ease some of the milder withdrawal-related aches and pains.
After detox, therapy and support groups can assist with motivation and avoiding triggers for long-term withdrawal. The narcolepsy medication modafinil has shown promise in easing meth withdrawal symptoms, particularly those that cause sleep problems.
Bupropion, also known by the brand name Wellbutrin, and the antidepressant fluoxetine (Prozac) can help with meth withdrawal as well. Mirtazapine and imipramine are other antidepressants that have been utilized for meth withdrawal. And even though meth use can make it hard to remember things, focus, or process ideas, the good news is that studies have indicated that topiramate, also known as Topamax, along with bupropion and modafinil, can all aid in improving cognition after prolonged meth withdrawal.
The Benefits of Drug and Alcohol Addiction Treatment
Drug addicts require a drug-free atmosphere and a support system that will hold them responsible for their aim of quitting drugs. Detoxification, which aids the addict in ridding their bodies of the narcotics and treats any withdrawal symptoms, is usually the first step a client must take in drug rehabilitation. Although detox is not necessary for everyone, it is not a sufficient kind of treatment to permanently end the addictive cycle. The actual process of treating an addiction starts when detox is completed.
After quitting drugs, you will be able to think more clearly and learn more about your addiction. Understanding your addiction entails increasing awareness of the people, situations, sensory input, routines, and behaviors that set off drug cravings. Most drug rehabs and programs for mental health can help you figure out your triggers so you can try to avoid or control them when you go back to your normal life.
Drug addiction can occur for a variety of reasons, but you must understand what motivates you to use meth. Do you do meth to help you handle stress? Does meth help you become more outgoing? Does doing meth help you avoid taking accountability for the things you know you aren’t doing right in life? Does meth help you obtain approval from others? It’s crucial that you examine the underlying causes of your behavior. In fact, you have to identify what causes you to use meth before you can change your drug use.
With their training, knowledge, and experience, rehab counselors can assist you in exploring your underlying issues. Their goal is to help you make sense of triggers and to develop new coping mechanisms that don’t involve using drugs or alcohol. When it comes to beating meth addiction rehab is necessary to help you set goals and develop skills needed to achieve and maintain sobriety. You’ll learn the steps you need to take to succeed.
Types of Drug Treatment in Maine for Meth Detox
There are a variety of ways to treat drug and alcohol addictions in Maine. The latest information found on the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s website says behavioral therapy, including cognitive behavioral therapy and contingency management strategies, are among the most effective treatments for meth addiction. Interventions using contingency management, which offer material rewards in return for attending treatment and upholding abstinence, have also been proven to be successful.
Even though several types of medication and drugs are used during meth detox and treatment, there are currently no drugs that can counteract the specific effects of the substance, nor are there any that can prolong abstinence from and minimize the abuse of meth.
During a detox program, a client will enter into a care facility for supervised care; this period of time typically lasts anywhere from three to 10 days. While under supervision, a client receives medical attention to ensure withdrawal symptoms stay to a minimum. The detox program may or may not allow the use of medications to help with withdrawal. As part of the detox, a client will meet with physicians and a mental health specialist who can all work together to create a treatment plan.
Residential or Inpatient Treatment
Many people addicted to meth must go into a residential program in order to successfully manage their addictions. Inpatient programs usually last anywhere from 30 to 180 days with some lasting up to 12 months. The main difference between inpatient and outpatient care is that inpatient clients must reside at the treatment facility, whereas outpatient clients are allowed to return home after treatment ends each day. Inpatient programs tend to be more effective because clients receive monitored care around the clock.
During residential treatment, a client will partake in a variety of activities, including group therapy sessions, individual counseling, and educational classes on nutrition and relationships. Other topics covered during an inpatient program are:
• Recognizing triggers
• Personal accountability
• Communicating with others
• Asking for help
• Building a support network
Intensive Outpatient (IOP)
Treatment programs called intensive outpatient programs (IOPs) treat clients who have a need for detoxification or 24-hour supervision. These programs provide patients with the opportunity to carry on with their regular, everyday lives, which is unlike residential treatment programs that require clients to live on-site. A lot of IOP programs require clients to attend treatment sessions three to five times a week.
Much of the time, inpatient programs and IOPs are integrated to help clients easily reintegrate into their families and communities. IOPs are specifically designed to help clients create relapse prevention techniques, support mechanisms, and coping processes.
There are fewer restrictions applicable to outpatient drug rehab than to inpatient and IOP programs. Generally, a local treatment facility must be visited 10 to 12 hours per week as part of an outpatient rehabilitation program. This is unlike IOP programs, which usually mandate attendance of four to eight hours a day, three to five times a week.
These sessions emphasize educating people about drug usage, providing both individual and group counseling, and teaching clients how to function without the use of drugs or alcohol. For someone with a minor addiction, outpatient drug rehab can work as a useful standalone alternative to inpatient rehab. It can also be a component of a comprehensive treatment plan.
Dual diagnosis refers to the simultaneous diagnosis of a mental disorder and addiction. Due to the intimate ties between various mental health issues and addiction, dual diagnosis diseases, also known as co-occurring disorders, can be exceedingly challenging to treat. The effectiveness of treatments may be compromised if a person with dual diagnoses seeks treatment for a drug use disorder or mental illness alone. It is quite challenging to treat each of these illnesses separately due to their similar symptoms. Dual diagnosis treatment is crucial for this reason.
The best course of action if you have conditions with a dual diagnosis is to enter into and complete a program that integrates the supervision of medical experts with dual diagnosis and addiction treatment experience. You will often begin treatment for co-occurring disorders with an assessment. Doctors can use this information to create a treatment plan that involves substance abuse therapy and a treatment strategy for any co-existing mental illnesses.
Liberty Bay Recovery Center
When the goal is to start a new life, those addicted to drugs can turn to Liberty Bay Recovery Center to get all the tools and assistance they need to recover from a substance use disorder. At Liberty Bay Recovery Center, we provide detox and rehab programs for addictions to all types of substances.
In addition to addressing drug and alcohol use, our team helps clients develop heathier habits. Our kitchen staff provides nourishing snacks and meals to support the recovery process. Helping patients make and maintain adjustments while they are at Liberty Bay Recovery Center is always a top priority. Reach out today to learn more about overcoming meth addiction in Maine.