Crack is a highly addictive form of cocaine. Since its introduction in the 1980s, it has destroyed countless lives, families, and even whole communities. If crack is causing problems in your or a loved one’s life, Liberty Bay Recovery can help. Located in Portland, Maine, we are one of the premier rehabilitation centers in the nation.
Cocaine is a chemical first isolated from the leaves of the coca plant in 1855. Coca leaves have been chewed for thousands of years in South America to dull the appetite and increase energy. In the late 1800s, cocaine was used medically as a local anesthetic, and it was widely consumed in pills and beverages for its stimulatory properties. When taken orally, cocaine is slowly absorbed and doesn’t produce an addictive euphoric effect. It does depress the appetite and act as a powerful stimulant.
Sniffing or injecting cocaine was soon discovered to produce a powerful short-lived euphoric effect, followed by a prolonged period of increased energy. The euphoria produced from sniffing cocaine is quite addictive. Crack cocaine is a chemical variant of cocaine that comes in rock crystals. The crystals can be heated, and the vapors inhaled to produce an even more intense, short-lived euphoric effect. Crack cocaine appears to be the most addictive form of cocaine. It is sometimes mixed with other drugs, such as heroin or marijuana.
What Is Crack Cocaine Abuse?
Users of crack experience an intense high that lasts for only around 10 minutes, followed by a severe crash that leaves the user feeling very depressed. Many crack users take hit after hit in an effort to avoid the crash. Crack abusers seek out and use crack despite the negative consequences to the person’s health, family, and job. Individuals who become dependent on crack cannot just stop. Drug addiction is a medical problem, not a failure of willpower. Individuals who have become addicted need professional help.
Signs of Crack Abuse
If one of your loved ones is exhibiting the following signs and symptoms, it is possible that crack abuse is to blame:
- Weight loss
- Dilated pupils
- Being irritable and anxious
- Sudden aggression
- Restless and paranoid behavior
- Premature aging
- Needing money
- Staying out late
Crack abuse can cause weight loss, malnutrition, heart attacks, strokes, and lung damage. Some individuals develop paranoid psychosis in response to long-term use of crack.
Using crack during pregnancy is very unhealthy for the fetus. It can cause miscarriages and stillbirths and increase the risk of premature labor. If the baby survives, it may suffer from growth deformities and severe withdrawal symptoms after birth.
Why Is Crack Addiction So Hard to Overcome?
The very fast, intense euphoria produced by inhaling crack is thought to be one reason why crack is so addictive. The unpleasant “downs” experienced as the crack wears off is another reason. Individuals who use crack regularly become physically addicted and suffer from severe withdrawal symptoms. Many users become convinced they cannot live without the drug. Withdrawal symptoms include depression, anxiety, vomiting, shaking, pain, and severe cravings. Individuals who try to quit on their own usually fail as the withdrawal symptoms set in.
What Is Crack Abuse Treatment?
Crack addiction is a serious medical condition that requires professional medical help to overcome. A high-quality rehabilitation center that offers a comprehensive treatment program can help individuals overcome their addiction to crack. The first step of rehabilitation is to undergo detox. A medically supervised detox is intended to relieve the symptoms of withdrawal.
After detox is completed, treatment consists of programs intended to address the root causes of addiction. Many addicts suffer from underlying problems such as depression or anxiety and treating the underlying problem is essential for achieving a successful rehabilitation. During a comprehensive treatment program, individuals work with licensed therapists, participate in group and individual therapy sessions, and attend educational programs administered by professional substance abuse workers. The recovering addicts are taught coping and life skills to help them avoid the trap of addiction.
Most successful rehabilitation programs begin with detox, transition to a period of several weeks in a residential rehabilitation program, and then move to a period of out-patient treatment. The residential portion of the treatment program is essential. During the early phases of recovery, an addict needs a safe, isolated, structured environment in which to work through issues and learn stress management and coping skills. Once the skills are in place, the patient can transition back to living in the real world.
Don’t Wait. Call Today.
Drug abuse and dependency are not problems that improve on their own. They require professional treatment. Like any other medical condition, intervening at an early stage produces better results. Don’t wait until crack cocaine destroys your life or your loved one’s life. Seek help at the very first signs that a problem is emerging.
No matter your insurance, be it Cigna, Aetna, Humana, United Health Care, ValueOptions, GEHA (Government Employee Health Association), UMR (United Medical Resources), Providence Health Plans, Harvard Pilgrim HealthCare, or even state insurance — we can help you. If necessary, we can help arrange for affordable self-pay options.
Contact Liberty Bay Recovery
Liberty Bay Recovery is located in Portland, Maine. We are a premiere full-service rehabilitation center for men and women, which offers comprehensive, successful treatment programs for drug and alcohol dependency, including detox, residential treatment, out-patient treatment, and dual diagnosis treatment. Contact us today for help.